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Nobel Prize in Medicine 2012 for cell research!

The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded today jointly to the British researcher John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan “for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent“.

The two scientists discovered that mature specialised cells can be reprogrammed to become immature cells capable of developing into all tissues of the body. The discoveries of Gurdon and Yamanaka have shown that specialized cells can turn back the developmental clock under certain circumstances. Although their genome undergoes modifications during development, these modifications are not irreversible. We have obtained a new view of the development of cells and organisms that scientists hope to turn into new treatments.

 

Sir John B. Gurdon was born in 1933 in Dippenhall, UK. He received his Doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1960 and was a postdoctoral fellow at California Institute of Technology. He joined Cambridge University, UK, in 1972 and has served as Professor of Cell Biology and Master of Magdalene College. Gurdon is currently at the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge.

 

Shinya Yamanaka was born in Osaka, Japan in 1962. He obtained his MD in 1987 at Kobe University and trained as an orthopaedic surgeon before switching to basic research. Yamanaka received his PhD at Osaka City University in 1993, after which he worked at the Gladstone Institute in San Francisco and Nara Institute of Science and Technology in Japan. Yamanaka is currently Professor at Kyoto University and also affiliated with the Gladstone Institute.

 
 
Image source:
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2012/press.html
http://www.gurdon.cam.ac.uk/images/misc/295-jbg2012.jpg
http://science.kqed.org/quest/files/2010/10/Shinya-Yamanaka_9-14-10_JO_BEST_resized.jpg
 
 
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2 Comments on “Nobel Prize in Medicine 2012 for cell research!”

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  2. Perilli 59 October 21, 2012 at 5:14 am #

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